Selenite Lamp Flat Top 8 Inch
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Selenite is a specific variety of the mineral gypsum named after the Ancient Greek goddess of the moon, Selene. The Greeks especially appreciated the beauty of selenite, even making windows with this stone. This gemstone received its official name from J.G. Wallerius in 1747 when he wrote Mineralogia, eller Mineralriket.
Gypsum as a general material has been valued since as far back as the Egyptians when it was used for decorative purposes. One unique use of selenite is in the Santa Sabina church in Rome: the large arched windows (built in the 5th century) are made of sheets of selenite, not glass. After large amounts of gypsum were found near Paris, France, a material known as Plaster of Paris was created. Plaster of Paris is gypsum that has been chemically altered to extract the water within. It's also said French farmers used raw gypsum as a soil additive.
Selenite Metaphysical Properties
The gemstone selenite is most closely associated with the crown chakra, which represents wisdom and spirituality, as well as the third eye chakra. The colorless beauty and translucency of selenite are often attributed to purity and peace in both metaphysical beliefs and color theory. Selenite is excellent to use when meditating or trying to achieve mental clarity, as it is believed to compel the person holding it, to be honest with themselves.
Selenite is considered a high-energy crystal that vibrates at a high frequency. Despite being an incredibly soft stone, so soft a fingernail can scratch it, selenite gemstones are believed to be a stone of protection that wards the mind. It is commonly used by crystal practitioners as a way to cleanse the body, mind, and spirit of negativity and self-limitation--as well as cleansing other gemstones being used in healing practices.
Selenite is not a traditional birthstone but is associated with the zodiac sign of Cancer.
Selenite Geological Properties
There are four varieties of gypsum that are often lumped together under the term selenite: selenite, satin spar, desert rose, and gypsum flower. Most commonly, selenite forms white, translucent crystals with striations and a vitreous luster. Selenite forms in enormous deposits and beds of sedimentary rocks such as limestone or clay. There have been instances of selenite forming in igneous rock. The mineral selenite can be found all over the world but is most often found in Mexico, Poland, Russia, Greece, Japan, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, and the United States.
Mineral Information Hydrous calcium sulfate
Chemical Composition CaSO4 · 2H2O
Color Colorless, white, gray, brown, beige, orange, pink, yellow, light red, green
Hardness 2 (Mohs)
Specific Gravity 2.3 - 2.4
Refractive Index 1.5
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